The Russian Rostov-on-Don Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine has appeared off the coast of Syria, according to Interfax. The Rostov-on-Don submarine has been deployed with modern Russian Kalibr cruise missiles. The Kilo-class submarine is the primary launch platform for the Kalibr.
The Rostov-on-Don has been firing Kalibr missile into the Islamic State (IS) stronghold of Raqqa since mid-November, according to reports. The Russian MOD neither confirm nor denied the veracity of the reports.
The Rostov-on-Don can be equipped with the Kalibr cruise missile sea-skimming 3M54 version, reaching targets up to 600km with a 440 lb warhead. Another version of the missile, the 3M14, can reach targets up to 2,500km with a 900 lb warhead.
The improved Kilo-class submarines has been dubbed one of the quietest submarines in the world. It was dubbed the ‘Black Hole’ by NATO due to its ability to remain undetected.The Rostov-on-Don is the first submarines of the third generation of the Varshavyanka class (Project 636) subs and can sail in shallow water due to its relatively small size.
It is equipped with 6 x 533mm torpedo tubes and carries 18 torpedoes. As for air defense, the Kilo-class has 8 surface-to-air missiles, either the SA-N-8 Gremlin or the SA-N-10 Gimlet.
With a crew of 53, the Kilo-class submarine has a 45 days endurance and can dive at a maximum of 980 ft.
Russia successfully struck IS positions last October from the Caspian Sea with sea-launched Kalibr cruise missiles.